Language in Diversity

INVERSION

INVERSION

Dalam bahasa inggris kedudukan subjek dan verb dapat dibalik untuk berbagai tujuan, antara lain:

1        Kedudukan subjek dan verb dibalik untuk membuat pertanyaan.

Ex: He can fly on sky

Can he fly on sky?

2        Untuk bertujuan penegasan atau penekanan (emphasize)

a)      Bila didahului Hardly, Scarcely, Seldom, rarely atau dengan ungkapan negative lainnya seperti: at no time, never, under no circumstances, not till, not only, no sooner ….than, on no account, nowhere, in no case etc.

Ex:       His secretary has seldom made such mistakes

Seldom has his secretary made such mistakes

b)      Jika dalam kalimat terdapat few, so, such, little, great

Ex:       The document was so old that it was barely decipherable

So old was the document that it was barely decipherable

c)      Bila suatu kalimat dimulai dengan kata Only + Adverb of time seperti: Only once, only now, only after, only then.

Ex:       He has only now admitted his guilt

Only now has he admitted his guilt

d)     Beberapa Verb yang bergabung dengan preposisi, seperti: away (off), down, in, off, out, over around, up, etc.

Ex:       The runners went away

Away went the runners

Note:

Tapi apabila subjectnya berupa pronoun maka diletakkan sebelum verbnya.

Menjadi: Away they went

3        Bila suatu kalimat dimulai dengan ungkapan tempat (prepositional  Phrase expressing place), seperti there, here, Nowhere etc.

Ex: Here is the book that you lent

(bukan the book is here that you lent)

4        Membentuk bentuk ellipsis (elliptical structure)

Ex: Harry decided to leave Harmonie soon, so did Rooney

5        membentuk inversion dalam Conditional sentences

Ex: If you had listened to my advice, you wouldn’t have lost your job

Had you listened to my advice, you wouldn’t have lost your job

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