Language in Diversity

ADVERBIAL CLAUSE

Adverbial Clause

Adverbial Clause adalah anak kalimat yang berfungsi sebagai kata keterangan atau Adverb.

A.    Position

1        Initial position

Pattern       : Conjunction + Subject + Verb, Subject + Verb

Example    : After I finish my assignment, I will take you home

2        Middle Position

Pattern       : Subject, Conjunction + Subject + Verb, Subject

Example    : War, when it is waged for a long time, can destroy the morale of country

3        Final Position

Subject + Verb + Conjunction + Subject + Verb

(untuk semua jenis Adverbial Clause)

Example    : Richard didn’t come to our party because he is very busy

Subject + Verb, Conjunction + Subject + Verb

(khusus Adverbial Clause of Contrast)

Example    : Rouge wants to stop, whereas I want to continue

 B.     Kinds of Adverbial Clause

1        Adverbial Clause of Time

(anak kalimat yang berfungsi sebagai kata keterangan Waktu)

Conjunction

After                     : Setelah                      So long as                    : Selama

Before                   : Sebelum                    Whenever                    : Kapanpun

When                     : Ketika                       Every time                   : Setiap waktu

While                     : Sewaktu                    The firs time                : Pertama kali

As                          : Sewaktu                    The last time                : Terakhir kali

By the time           : Menjelang                 The next time              : di waktu lain

Since                     : Sejak                         Ever since                    : Sejak waktu itu

Until/Till                : Hingga                      Shortly after                : Segera setelah

As soon as             : Segera setelah           Shortly before             : Segera sebelum

Once                      : Selama                       As long as                   : Selama

The ordinal time (that)                  : Pada waktu yang berurutan

A short time after/before              : Singkat waktu setelah/sebelum

A little while after/before             : Singkat waktu setelah/sebelum

Not long after/before                    : Tidak begitu lama sebelum/setelah

Soon after                                     : segera setelah

Example    : When (I was) a boy, I went to lake every summer

2        Adverbial Clause of Reason

(anak kalimat yang berfungsi sebagai kata keterangan yang menyatakan Sebab)

Conjunction

Because                 : Sebab                                    As                                : Karena

Since                     : Sebab                                    As long as                   : Karena (selama)

Now that               : Karena                       So long as                    : Karena (selama)

In that                   : Karena                       In as much as              : Karena, lantaran

Due to the fact (that)                    : Disebabkan atas fakta itu

On account of the fact (that)        : Atas pertimbangan fakta itu

During the fact (that)                    : Selama fakta

Because of the fact (that)             : Disebabkan oleh fakta itu

In view of the fact (that)              : karena mengingat fakta itu

Preposition

Because of                                    : Disebabkan oleh

Due to                                           : Dikarenakan pada

On account of                               : atas pertimbangan pada

Example       : Since he couldn’t take his wife with him, he decided not to go to the conference

3        Adverbial Clause of Contrast

(anak kalimat yang berfungsi sebagai kata keterangan yang menyatakan Pertentangan/kontrast)

a.      Concessive Clause

Conjunction

Even though                                                    : Meskipun

Although                                                         : Meskipun

Though                                                            : Meskipun

Preposition

In spite of                                                        : Meskipun

Despite                                                            : Meskipun

Regardless of not without standing                : Meskipun

Example             : We couldn’t meet the deadline, although we worked day and night

b.      Adversative Clause

Whereas          : Padahal                                 While               : Sementara

Where              : Sementara                             When               : Sementara

Example          : While Robert is very friendly with everyone, his brother makes very few friends

Note                : Untuk Clause ini, meskipun Sub clause ada di awal atau di akhir tetap menggunakan tanda koma (,)

4        Adverbial Clause of Purpose

(anak kalimat yang berfungsi sebagai kata keterangan yang menyatakan Tujuan)

Conjunction

So that                   : Agar (supaya)                                    In order that                            : Agar

That                       : Agar (supaya) non-formal                 In order to                               : Agar

So                          : Agar (supaya) non formal                 For the purpose (that)             : Agar

Example    : He is saving his money so that he can take a long vocation

Note

  1. Clause of Purpose biasanya berada berada di bagian akhir dan tidak di dahului koma, hal inilah yang dapat membedakan antara “So that” di Clause of purpose dengan “So that” di Clause of Result
  2. Clause of Purpose biasanya mengandung auxiliary may dan can

5        Adverbial Clause of Result

(anak kalimat yang berfungsi sebagai kata keterangan yang menyatakan Hasil)

Conjunction

So that                                           : Sehingga

So (adverb/adjective) that             : Begitu …… Sehingga

Such (a/an + adjective + noun)     : Begitu …… Sehingga

So many/much (Noun)                  : Begitu banyak …… Sehingga

Example    : He sat in the front row, so that he heard every word of the lecture

: This is such an ugly chair that I want to give them away

6        Adverbial Clause of Condition

(anak kalimat yang berfungsi sebagai kata keterangan yang menyatakan Kondisi/Pengandaian)

Conjunction

If                           : Jika/bila                                 In the case that            : Seandainya

If only/only if        : Jika hanya/hanya jika            Provided (that)            : Asalkan/Seandainya

Even if                  : Seandainya                            Providing (that)           : Asalkan/seandainya

Whether (or not)   : Seandainya (ataupun tidak)  On condition that        : Dengan syarat bahwa

In the even that     : Seandainya                            Unless                         : jika tidak

Example    : You will have no trouble with these plants provided that you water them regularly

: I shall come to the party if you can go

7        Adverbial Clause of Manner

(anak kalimat yang berfungsi sebagai kata keterangan yang menyatakan cara)

Conjunction

As              : Seperti                                   As if                : Seolah-olah/seakan-akan

Like           : Seperti                                   As though       : Seolah-olah/seakan-akan

Example    : He acts as if he were an artist

: The new worker does his job like the manager said to him yesterday

8        Adverbial Clause of Place

(anak kalimat yang berfungsi sebagai kata keterangan yang menyatakan Tempat)

Conjunction

Where                    : Di mana

Whenever              : Di manapun

Example    : I will love you wherever you are

: Louise lives where Mr. Smith used to live

9        Adverbial Clause of Comparation

(anak kalimat yang berfungsi sebagai kata keterangan yang menyatakan Perbandingan)

Conjunction

As (adjective/adverb) as (noun) = digunakan untuk kalimat positif

So (adjective/adverb) as (noun) = digunakan untuk kalimat negative

The same (noun) as

Example    : Mr. Brown’s car has the same price as Mr. Black’s (does)

: Miranda sings as beautifully as Raise (does)

Note:

Untuk semua Adverbial Clause bisa di- abridgment yaitu dengan cara membuang Subject dan Verb dalam Noun Clause-nya.

Comments on: "ADVERBIAL CLAUSE" (2)

  1. Reblogged this on mencari inspirasi and commented:
    Belajar yuk🙂

Tinggalkan Balasan

Isikan data di bawah atau klik salah satu ikon untuk log in:

Logo WordPress.com

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Logout / Ubah )

Gambar Twitter

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Facebook

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Google+

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Logout / Ubah )

Connecting to %s

Awan Tag

%d blogger menyukai ini: