Language in Diversity

THE PASSIVE VOICE

THE PASSIVE VOICE

The passive voice (kalimat pasif) adalah kalimat yang sering digunakan bila kita menganggap pelaku tidak perlu diungkapkan, ketika kita ingin menekankan objek pada kalimat aktif, dan terbuat dari kalimat aktif yang mempunyai objek yang berpola: To be + Past participle. 

Bentuk-bentuk perubahan dari kalimat aktif menjadi fasif.

1.      Simple present tense: S + am/is/are + V3

Contoh: (Active) Somebody cleans this room every day.

            (Passive) This room is cleaned every day.

2.      Simple past tense: S + was/were + V3

Contoh: (Active) Somebody cleaned this room yesterday.

            (Passive) This room was cleaned yesterday.

3.      Present continuous Tense: S + is/am/are + Being + V3

Contoh: (Active) Somebody is cleaning the room at the moment.

            (Passive) The room is being cleaned at the moment.

4.      Past Continuous Tense: S + was/were + Being + V3

Contoh: (Active) Somebody was cleaning the room when I arrived.

            (Passive) The room was being cleaned I arrived.

5.      Present Perfect Tense: S + have/has + Been + V3

Contoh: (Active) The room looks nice. Somebody has cleaned it.

            (Passive) The room looks nice. It has been cleaned.

6.      Past Perfect Tense: S + will/shall + been + V3

Contoh: (Active) The room looked much better. Somebody had cleaned it.

            (Passive) The room looked much better. It had been cleaned.

7.      Simple Future Tense: S +  will/shall + be + V3

Contoh: (Active) Somebody will clean this room.

            (Passive) This room will be cleaned.

               

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